[1]刘 燕,徐 磊,王 蕾,等.布鲁氏菌病温敏凝胶活疫苗(S2株)对小鼠不同黏膜免疫途径的免疫效果研究[J].中国预防兽医学报,2019,(03):290-294.[doi:0.3969/j.issn.1008-0589.201805010]
 LIU Yan,XU Lei,WANG Lei,et al.Immunological effect of Brucellosis S2 strain vaccine with thermo-sensitive gel in mice with different mucosal immune routes[J].Chinese journal of preventive veterinary medicine,2019,(03):290-294.[doi:0.3969/j.issn.1008-0589.201805010]
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布鲁氏菌病温敏凝胶活疫苗(S2株)对小鼠不同黏膜免疫途径的免疫效果研究()
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《中国预防兽医学报》[ISSN:1008-0589/CN:23-1417/S]

卷:
期数:
2019年03
页码:
290-294
栏目:
免疫学
出版日期:
2019-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Immunological effect of Brucellosis S2 strain vaccine with thermo-sensitive gel in mice with different mucosal immune routes
文章编号:
1008-0589(2019)03-0290-05
作者:
 

刘 燕12徐 磊2王 蕾3张 贺2王 楠2鞠洪涛3张小军3王苗苗2孙浩杰2丁家波2沈国顺1*毛开荣2*(

 1. 沈阳农业大学,辽宁 沈阳 110866;2. 中国兽医药品监察所,北京 100081;3. 齐鲁动物保健品有限公司,山东 济南 250105)
Author(s):
 

LIU Yan12 XU Lei2 WANG Lei3 ZHANG He2 WANG Nan2 JU Hong-tao3 ZHANG Xiao-jun3WANG Miao-miao2 SUN Hao-jie2 DING Jia-bo2 SHEN Guo-shun1* MAO Kai-rong2*

关键词:
布鲁氏菌温敏凝胶疫苗黏膜免疫免疫抗体单位保护
Keywords:
 Brucella  thermosensitive gel vaccine  mucosal immunity  antibody of vaccination  unit of protection
分类号:
S852.61
DOI:
0.3969/j.issn.1008-0589.201805010
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
了比较布鲁氏菌病温敏凝胶疫苗经不同黏膜途径免疫的效果,本研究采用BABL/c小鼠为实验动物模型,制备了用于黏膜免疫的布鲁氏菌病温敏凝胶活疫苗(S2株),比较了该疫苗与常规疫苗黏膜免疫(阴道灌注、点眼、口服、直肠灌注)后的体表排菌,研究了黏膜免疫与注射免疫的抗体反应规律差异及保护效果。结果显示:凝胶疫苗能够在34 ℃~36 ℃完成由液态到凝胶态的相转变,适合所选小鼠黏膜途径的免疫;凝胶疫苗从免疫后第2 d开始停止排菌,常规疫苗的排菌持续到免疫后第4 d;黏膜免疫小鼠抗体效价比注射免疫低25 %~80 %,并且在免疫后45 d左右微量试管凝集试验(MSAT)结果显示前者抗体效价即下降至1∶50以下或接近1∶50,下降速度显著快于注射免疫;对阴道灌注、点眼、口服、直肠灌注及注射免疫的小鼠攻毒结果显示对照组小鼠的出菌指数为6.47,免疫组的单位保护(对照出菌指数-免疫出菌指数)分别为3.89、3.81、3.32、3.25、4.08,其中阴道灌注、点眼2种黏膜免疫小鼠的单位保护更接近注射免疫的单位保护(4.08)。研究结果提示,凝胶疫苗比常规疫苗在免疫后更可以显著减少体表排菌,抗体持续时间更短、使得对疫病的诊断干扰更低,此外,凝胶疫苗免疫也具有接近注射免疫的单位保护。因此,采用布鲁氏菌病凝胶疫苗进行黏膜免疫更有利于布鲁氏菌病的鉴别诊断。
  关键词:布鲁氏菌;温敏凝胶疫苗;黏膜免疫;免疫抗体;单位保护
Abstract:
To compare the effects of brucellosis thermos-sensitive gel vaccine on different mucosal surface vaccinations in BABL/c mice, a live brucellosis thermosensitive gel vaccine strain S2 (S2 gel vaccine) was prepared and compared with conventional vaccine for mucosal immunity via different mucosal surface including, eye-drop, oral administration, vaginal and rectal perfusion, which were evaluated by the surface reaction to the vaccine bacteria, the difference in antibody response between mucosal immunity and injection immunization as well as the protection test. The results showed that the S2 gel vaccine was able to complete the phase transition from liquid to gel state at 34℃ to 36℃, which was suitable for the mucosal immunization to the mice. The vaccine bacterial shedding stoped at 2 days post immuniztion (PI) with the S2 gel vaccine, but it stoped at 4 days PI with the conventional vaccine. The antibody levels in the mice of mucosal immunization groups were 25% to 80% lower than that of the mice in injection immunized groups, and the antibody titers detected with MSAT droped below 1:50 or close to 1∶50 after 45 days of immunization, and the rate of decline was significantly faster. Moreover, the mice were challenged post immunizing by eye-drop, oral administration, vaginal and rectal perfusion, as well as injection immunization, respectively. The results showed that the bacterial index of the control group was 6.47, and the unit protections of the immunized groups (control bacterial index-immunization index) were 3.89, 3.81, 3.32, 3.25 and 4.08, respectively. The unit protection of immunization was closer to the unit protection of injection immunization (4.08). The results suggested that the S2 gel vaccine induced a shorter duration of antibody than the traditional vaccine, a lower interference to the diagnosis, and a near-injection immunity. Therefore, mucosal immunization with a brucellosis gel vaccine is more conducive to the differential diagnosis of brucellosis.

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                                                (本文编辑:彭永刚)

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-04-26